Becker, Arno: Impacts of European biofuel policies on global biofuel and agricultural markets. - Bonn, 2011. - Dissertation, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn.
Online-Ausgabe in bonndoc: https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:hbz:5N-26500
@phdthesis{handle:20.500.11811/4751,
urn: https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:hbz:5N-26500,
author = {{Arno Becker}},
title = {Impacts of European biofuel policies on global biofuel and agricultural markets},
school = {Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn},
year = 2011,
month = oct,

note = {The strong increase of global biofuel markets within the last years has led to a continuous increase of biofuel feedstock demand. Due to the current state of biofuel production technologies primarily traditional agricultural commodities, like cereals, sugar or vegetable oils are used for biofuel production. Thus, biofuel markets are closely connected to agricultural markets. Future policy targets indicate that biofuel and thereby biofuel feedstock demand will further increase. The European Renewable Energy Directive of 2009, for example, sets the target to achieve 10 percent energy from renewable sources in total European transport energy consumption until 2020. This thesis intends to assess and quantify impacts of European biofuel policies implemented to achieve the target of the European Renewable Energy Directive until 2020 on global biofuel and agricultural markets. A scenario analysis is done under different assumptions concerning global biofuel trade, the availability of 2nd generation biofuel production technologies, and price development of fossil fuel. For the quantitative analysis, a behavioural market model for biofuels and biofuel feedstocks is developed extending the agricultural sector model CAPRI (Common Agricultural Policy Regional Impact). The extended version covers behavioural functions for biofuel supply, demand, trade and biofuel feedstock demand. Furthermore, functions approximating total fuel demand behaviour are introduced, differentiated into total diesel and gasoline demand. The model permits to simultaneously evaluate future biofuel and agricultural policies. The results of the analysis show that by reaching the target of the Renewable Energy Directive about 20 percent of EU27 biofuel consumption in 2020 relies on imports. For European biodiesel production in 2020, it is shown that a notable share of the used feedstock (mainly rape oil) is imported. Furthermore, it is observed that biofuel by-products are used as substitutes for traditional feed crops in the livestock sector partially compensating the increase in biofuel feedstock demand. This is especially true for cereals. The compliance with the European Renewable Energy Directive in 2020 leads to increasing prices of agricultural products. Thereby, the observed shifts are more significant for biodiesel feedstocks (vegetable oils) compared to ethanol feedstocks (cereals, sugar).},
url = {http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11811/4751}
}

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