Holst, Christoph; Zeimetz, Philipp; Nothnagel, Axel; Schauerte, Wolfgang; Kuhlmann, Heiner: Estimation of Focal Length Variations of a 100-m Radio Telescope's Main Reflector by Laser Scanner Measurements. In: Journal of Surveying Engineering138, 3.
Online-Ausgabe in bonndoc: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11811/4788
author = {{Christoph Holst} and {Philipp Zeimetz} and {Axel Nothnagel} and {Wolfgang Schauerte} and {Heiner Kuhlmann}},
title = {Estimation of Focal Length Variations of a 100-m Radio Telescope's Main Reflector by Laser Scanner Measurements},
publisher = {American Society of Civil Engineers, Surveying and Mapping Division},
year = 2012,
month = aug,

journal = {Journal of Surveying Engineering},
volume = 138,
number = 3,
note = {Due to gravitation, the main reflector of a radio telescope underlies a deformation which causes a change in focal length depending on the variations of the elevation angle of the telescope. In order to estimate these gravity dependent deformations of the main reflector of the 100m radio telescope at Effelsberg, Germany, we propose a measurement concept based on a laser scanner being mounted upside-down on the subreflector. The measurements which have been performed at seven different elevations between 90 and 7:5 are used to estimate the focal length variation of the main reflector parameterized by a rotational paraboloid. To guarantee reliability of the adjustment, we perform an orthogonal distance regression (ODR) rather than a classical least squares adjustment in a Gauss- Helmert model. We formulate the independence of the focal length estimation from the absolute position and orientation of the main reflector in space as a requirement for a reliable adjustment approach. Our investigations attest the ODR a superior reliability with regard to this criterion. A three-step adjustment procedure based on an alteration of the ODR and several outlier eliminations is used to determine the variations of the focal length due to gravitation. The estimated focal length decreases by a maximum of 12:6mm when tilting the reflector from 90 to 7:5 elevation angle. The post-fit discrepancies between the best-fit paraboloid and the reflector's surface are Gaussian distributed within the accuracy of the measurements which supports the assumption of a homologous deformation of the main reflector.},
url = {http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11811/4788}

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