Borge del Rey, Laura: Assessing technology transfer in the interdisciplinary research setting of the bioeconomy : A concise study using disciplinary, stakeholder and technology perspectives. - Bonn, 2019. - Dissertation, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn.
Online-Ausgabe in bonndoc: https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:hbz:5-56198
@phdthesis{handle:20.500.11811/8014,
urn: https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:hbz:5-56198,
author = {{Laura Borge del Rey}},
title = {Assessing technology transfer in the interdisciplinary research setting of the bioeconomy : A concise study using disciplinary, stakeholder and technology perspectives},
school = {Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn},
year = 2019,
month = nov,

note = {Technology transfer from academia to industry in emerging knowledge areas such as the bioeconomy is considered a major challenge. In this regard, there have been an increasing number of policy and funding initiatives (e.g. Bioeconomy Science Center, Horizon 2020) aiming at enhancing industrial implementation and commercialisation of research generated in academia. These initiatives also foster interdisciplinary research, as it provides enormous potential for innovation, and it is essential to effectively solve the global challenges of the twenty-first century. This thesis focuses on the specific case of the knowledge-based bioeconomy (KBBE) as an example of such a highly interdisciplinary and emerging knowledge area with a potential to solve the global challenges of the twenty-first century. However, technology transfer entails new challenges in a context of collaborative research due to the cognitive distance between different and unrelated disciplines. Hence, the aim of this thesis is to analyse mechanisms for a successful technology transfer in emerging knowledge areas such as the bioeconomy by emphasising the particularities of interdisciplinary research settings using three perspectives: disciplines, stakeholders and technologies. As such, this thesis consists of a state-of-the-art and theoretical framework review. This is followed by an exploratory multiple case study approach to understand particularities of technology transfer in interdisciplinary research settings from a disciplinary perspective. In addition, a participatory and bottom-up study with key technology transfer stakeholder groups (i.e. academic scientists, technology transfer facilitators, firms/entrepreneurs) from Germany was conducted to provide the first overview of factors affecting technology transfer in the bioeconomy. Finally, from the third perspective, this thesis empirically demonstrates how interdisciplinary research can be depicted and assessed at the level of technologies by taking bioplastics as an example of a highly interdisiciplinary and emerging technology within the bioeconomy.
The main finding of this thesis is that integrating knowledge across different disciplines as well as between the key technology transfer stakeholder groups is pivotal for successful technology transfer in emerging knowledge areas such as the KBBE. In particular, from the disciplinary perspective, results of eight comprehensive case studies (four interdisciplinary academic research groups and four interdisciplinary spin-offs operating in the bioeconomy) illustrate through content analysis the high relevance and attention that interdisciplinary collaborations acquire in the research setting of the bioeconomy. This analysis also emphasises the need to study technology transfer from the overall spectrum of technology transfer stakeholders who jointly shape the technology transfer process (academic scientists, technology transfer facilitators, firms/entrepreneurs). From the stakeholder perspective, the participatory and bottom-up study with 90 stakeholders by means of multidimensional scaling and hierarchical cluster analyses indicate that factors related to interdisciplinary collaborations and collaborations between academic scientists and firms as well as those tied to financial issues or consumer acceptance are assigned the highest level of importance. However, these factors are also characterised by the lowest level of coherence across key stakeholders. In light of the increasing importance of interdisciplinary collaborations, evaluating interdisciplinary research is indispensable for funding agencies and policy-makers. Consequently, a novel approach by drawing upon a sample of 890 patents and 8979 patent citations is constructed to analyse technology transfer from a technology perspective. Thus, this novel typology can help firms, funding agencies and policy-makers to improve their technological capabilities by facilitating knowledge sharing and transfer across technological areas, and to support the design and development of science and innovation policies that foster interdisciplinary research. Hence, this thesis aims at advancing the state-of-the-art with regard to the use of interdisciplinary indicators by constructing novel patent indicators that can be used to assess the degree of interdisciplinarity in emerging knowledge areas. To sum up, the outcomes of this thesis seek to contribute to the analysis of successful technology transfer in emerging knowledge areas such as the bioeconomy by understanding the particularities of interdisciplinary research settings.},

url = {http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11811/8014}
}

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