Kankwamba, Henry: Economic disruptions, markets and food security. - Bonn, 2020. - Dissertation, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn.
Online-Ausgabe in bonndoc: https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:hbz:5-59917
urn: https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:hbz:5-59917,
author = {{Henry Kankwamba}},
title = {Economic disruptions, markets and food security},
school = {Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn},
year = 2020,
month = dec,

note = {Idiosyncratic and covariate shocks have considerable impacts on household food security and welfare. While impacts of covariate and idiosyncratic shocks have been widely documented, the mitigating role of infrastructure against such events has not been widely assessed due to the complexities in quantifying its accrued economic benefits. Further, traders, who play a significant role in allocating food resources amidst idiosyncratic and covariate shocks, their behaviour, motivations and aspirations that drive market outcomes have not been well addressed in literature from sub-Saharan Africa.
Using Malawi as a case, this study first examines impacts of extreme weather events and idiosyncratic shocks on food security at household level. Using three waves of Malawi’s representative panel Integrated Household Surveys (IHS) the study estimates impacts of shocks using triple difference fixed effects regressions. In general, having controlled for household socioeconomic factors, the study finds that weather shocks such as drought and floods during an agricultural season reduce consumption by 9%. Assuming normal weather conditions, infrastructure scarcity in form of roads, electricity, and service based amenities such as banks, savings and credit cooperatives and markets – summarized into an infrastructure index – worsens economic access to food by 7%. Further, the joint impact of extreme weather events and lack of infrastructure is 17% food security reduction.
Considering that social capital can affect market outcomes in the presence of market and government failure, the study assessed the performance and organization of maize trading by paying attention to the role of social capita and business formality in Malawi. Benefiting from combining both qualitative and quantitative data sources, we used Bayes Model Averaging techniques, instrumental variable and control function approaches and found that food markets are concentrated and highly informal. While there is evidence that social capital is positively associated with business profitability, results do not strongly support the hypothesis that other measures of social capital such as tribal and religious affiliation have an effect on traders’ business resilience.},

url = {https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11811/8870}

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