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Priorities for inclusive urban food system transformations in the Global South
Food Systems Summit Brief Prepared by Research Partners of the Scientific Group for the Food Systems Summit, May 10th, 2021

dc.contributor.authorMoustier, Paule
dc.contributor.authorHoldsworth, Michelle
dc.contributor.authorAnh, Dao The
dc.contributor.authorSeck, Pape Abdoulaye
dc.contributor.authorRenting, Henk
dc.contributor.authorCaron, Patrick
dc.contributor.authorBricas, Nicolas
dc.description.abstractThis paper is concerned with: (i) challenges to food systems in Africa, Asia, and Latin America caused by urban development, (ii) how existing food systems respond to these challenges, and (iii) what can be recommended to improve their responsiveness. We define ‘urban food systems’ as food systems related to cities by material and human flows. Urbanisation poses challenges related to food and nutritional security with the co-existence of multiple forms of malnutrition (especially for women and children/adolescents), changing employment (including for women), and environmental protection. It is widely acknowledged that contemporary food systems respond differently to these challenges according to their traditional (small-scale, subsistence, informal) versus modern (large-scale, value-oriented, formal) characteristics. We go beyond this classification and propose six types of urban food systems: subsistence, short relational, long relational, value-oriented SME-driven, value-oriented supermarket-driven, and digital. They correspond to different consumers’ food environments in terms of subsistence versus market orientation, access through retail markets, shops, or supermarkets, diversity of food, prices, and quality attributes. Urban food supply chains differ not only according to scale and technology but also according to the origin of food (rural, urban or imports) and the perishability of the product. We stress the complementarity between short chains that supply many perishable and fresh food items (commonly nutrient-dense) and long chains that involve collectors, wholesalers, retailers, storage and processing enterprises for many staple food commodities rich in calories. More and more small and medium enterprises are upgrading their business through technologies, consumer orientation, and stakeholders’ coordination patterns, including food clusters and alliances. Urban food systems based on micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) have proven resilient in times of crisis (including in the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic). Rather than promoting linear development from so-called ‘traditional’ towards ‘modern’ food systems, we propose seven sets of recommendations aimed at further upgrading MSMEs’ business, while improving the affordability and accessibility of food to ensure food and nutritional security and accounting for the specificities of the urban contexts of low-income countries.en
dc.rightsIn Copyright
dc.subjectFood systems
dc.subjectGlobal south
dc.subject.ddc333.7 Natürliche Ressourcen, Energie und Umwelt
dc.titlePriorities for inclusive urban food system transformations in the Global South
dc.title.alternativeFood Systems Summit Brief Prepared by Research Partners of the Scientific Group for the Food Systems Summit, May 10th, 2021
dc.typeWissenschaftlicher Artikel
dc.publisher.nameCenter for Development Research (ZEF) in cooperation with the Scientific Group for the UN Food System Summit 2021

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