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T cell response to an MHC-II restricted epitope of rodent malaria

dc.contributor.advisorWilhelm, Christoph
dc.contributor.authorEnders, Matthias Hans
dc.description.abstractMalaria is caused by different Plasmodium species that can infect a variety of animals including humans and rodents. The life cycle of these parasites is complex and includes a liver stage followed by a blood-stage in their vertebrate hosts. While the host’s immune response against each of these stages is incompletely understood, CD4 T cells are known to play an important role in immunity to Plasmodium infection during both stages. This project aims to examine the specific CD4 T cell response to a novel MHC II-restricted epitope in Plasmodium infection in C57BL/6 mice, and to characterise the protective capacity of these T cells. To this end, we made use of a recently generated TCR transgenic mouse line, termed PbT-II, which responds to a so far unknown Plasmodium derived epitope. In this project, the PbT-II epitope was identified as derived from heat shock protein 90, residues 484 to 496 (Hsp90484-496 or abbreviated DIY). Different priming methods, such as injection of an anti-Clec9A antibody attached to the Hsp90 epitope (αClec9A-DIY), infection with P. berghei ANKA (PbA) infected red blood cells (iRBCs) or immunisation with radiation attenuated PbA sporozoites (RAS), were used to characterise PbT-II memory cell formation. Results revealed the formation of memory PbT-II cells expressing surface markers associated with central memory T cells (TCM), effector memory T cells (TEM) and tissue resident memory T cells (TRM). Given the importance of tissue-resident memory T cells in peripheral immunity, mainly studied in CD8 T cells, we focused our study on the formation and function of CD4 TRM cells in the liver. Parabiosis studies using RAS vaccinated mice confirmed the liver residency of a CD69+ PbT-II cell population. Gene expression profile analysis revealed that these CD4 T cells expressed a core gene signature similar to that of CD8 resident memory T cells. Furthermore, differences in the gene expression profile of PbTII TRM cells generated via different protocols, suggested lineage specific effector mechanisms, such as IL-4 production or perforin expression, for subsets of CD4 TRM cells in the liver.en
dc.rightsIn Copyright
dc.subject.ddc570 Biowissenschaften, Biologie
dc.subject.ddc610 Medizin, Gesundheit
dc.titleT cell response to an MHC-II restricted epitope of rodent malaria
dc.typeDissertation oder Habilitation
dc.publisher.nameUniversitäts- und Landesbibliothek Bonn
ulbbnediss.affiliation.nameRheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn
ulbbnediss.affiliation.otherName1Universität Melbourne
ulbbnediss.instituteMathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät : Fachgruppe Molekulare Biomedizin / Life & Medical Sciences-Institut (LIMES)
ulbbnediss.fakultaetMedizinische Fakultät
dc.contributor.coRefereeHeath, William R.

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