Spooner, Brian: Investment and Translocality : Recontextualizing the Baloch in Islamic and Global History. Bonn: Competence Network Crossroads Asia: Conflict – Migration – Development, 2013. In: Baldauf, Ingeborg; Conermann, Stephan; Kreutzmann, Hermann; Nadjmabadi, Shahnaz; Reetz, Dietrich; Schetter, Conrad; Sökefeld, Martin; Hornidge, Anna-Katharina (Hrsg.): Crossroads Asia Working Paper Series, 14.
Online-Ausgabe in bonndoc: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11811/139
author = {{Brian Spooner}},
editor = {{Ingeborg Baldauf} and {Stephan Conermann} and {Hermann Kreutzmann} and {Shahnaz Nadjmabadi} and {Dietrich Reetz} and {Conrad Schetter} and {Martin Sökefeld} and {Anna-Katharina Hornidge}},
title = {Investment and Translocality : Recontextualizing the Baloch in Islamic and Global History},
publisher = {Competence Network Crossroads Asia: Conflict – Migration – Development},
year = 2013,
month = dec,

series = {Crossroads Asia Working Paper Series},
volume = 14,
note = {The Baloch are one of the best documented ethnic communities in the modern Islamic world. But the information comes from non-Baloch, who saw them as a tribal population, with their own history and culture, separate from the people around them. This conventional approach masks the continuities in their history, from their raiding of urban populations over a thousand years ago to their current national opposition movements in Iran and Pakistan and their recent association with international terrorism. But if studied in a larger context, both historical and geographical, the available information illustrates the continuities, through qualitative changes, from the earliest available sources down to the present. Enlarging the context in this way has an additional advantage: it enhances our understanding of other world-historical processes that are currently playing out under globalization. An important variable in this history is locality, the cultural evaluation of location, and translocality, the way locality changes as the social context becomes more complex—variables that have received little attention from either historians or ethnographers. Locality is determined mainly by investment and the social interests resulting from investment. Where there was sufficient soil and water to support investment in irrigation engineering and agricultural development, small communities settled and grew into cities. As the cities grew, they developed trade networks, which further increased their investment potential. The Baloch, like other ‘tribal’ peoples in the arid zone of the northern hemisphere, formed from people who did not find a place in this urban social dynamic. They are people without investment, who remained historically independent of the cities, but were always there to replenish the cities demographically in times of economic growth, and to take in their economic refugees in times of decline. This history of demographic interdependence, between the cities which could increase their productivity by means of investment and the tribal people who could not, generated a culturally distinctive sense of locality throughout the arid zone, which was different from the temperate and subtropical zones to the north and south. More recently, as translocality has accelerated with the increasing social complexity of globalization, the people without investment have been forced into political and economic dependence on the cities, but the new city-based nation-state governments responsible for them have so far largely continued to leave them without investment. In the new political framework of the information age the tribes rebel. Similar developments are evident among tribal populations in other parts of the modern Islamic world, and make interesting comparison with similar populations elsewhere.},
url = {http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11811/139}

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