Radiation damage of polymers in ultrasonic fields
Radiation damage has always been a topic of great interest in various fields of sciences. In this work, an attempt is made to probe into the effect of sub-threshold ultrasonic waves on the radiation damage created by irradiation of deuterons in polymer samples wherein the polymer samples act as model systems. Two equal volumes of radiation damage were produced in a single polymer sample wherein a standing wave of ultrasound was introduced into one. Three polymers namely, Polycarbonate, Polymethylmethacrylate and Polyvinyl chloride were used in this work. Four independent techniques were used to analyze the irradiated samples and visualize the radiation damage. Interferometric measurements give a measure of the refractive index modulation in the irradiated sample. Polymers, being transparent, do not absorb in the visible region of the electromagnetic spectrum. UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy shows absorption peaks in the visible region in irradiated polymer samples. Ion irradiation causes coloration of polymers. The light microscope is used to measure the absorption of white light by the irradiated polymers. Positron annihilation spectroscopy is used to obtain a measure of the open volume created by irradiation in polymers. A comparison between the irradiated region and the region exposed to ultrasonic waves simultaneously with irradiation in a polymer sample shows the polymer specific influence of the ultrasonic standing wave.
|dc.title||Radiation damage of polymers in ultrasonic fields|
|dc.type||Dissertation oder Habilitation|
|dc.publisher.name||Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Bonn|
|ulbbnediss.affiliation.name||Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn|
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