Dickscheid, Timo: Robust Wide-Baseline Stereo Matching for Sparsely Textured Scenes. - Bonn, 2011. - Dissertation, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn.
Online-Ausgabe in bonndoc: https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:hbz:5N-26031
@phdthesis{handle:20.500.11811/4746,
urn: https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:hbz:5N-26031,
author = {{Timo Dickscheid}},
title = {Robust Wide-Baseline Stereo Matching for Sparsely Textured Scenes},
school = {Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn},
year = 2011,
month = aug,

volume = 36,
note = {The task of wide baseline stereo matching algorithms is to identify corresponding elements in pairs of overlapping images taken from significantly different viewpoints. Such algorithms are a key ingredient to many computer vision applications, including object recognition, automatic camera orientation, 3D reconstruction and image registration. Although today's methods for wide baseline stereo matching produce reliable results for typical application scenarios, they assume properties of the image data that are not always granted, for example a significant amount of distinctive surface texture. For such problems, highly advanced algorithms have been proposed, which are often very problem specific, difficult to implement and hard to transfer to new matching problems. The motivation for our work comes from the belief that we can find a generic formulation for robust wide baseline image matching that is able to solve difficult matching problems and at the same time applicable to a variety of applications. It should be easy to implement, and have good semantic interpretability. Therefore our key contribution is the development of a generic statistical model for wide baseline stereo matching, which seamlessly integrates different types of image features, similarity measures and spatial feature relationships as information cues. It unifies the ideas of existing approaches into a Bayesian formulation, which has a clear statistical interpretation as the MAP estimate of a binary classification problem. The model ultimately takes the form of a global minimization problem that can be solved with standard optimization techniques. The particular type of features, measures, and spatial relationships however is not prescribed. A major advantage of our model over existing approaches is its ability to compensate weaknesses in one information cue implicitly by exploiting the strength of others. In our experiments we concentrate on images of sparsely textured scenes as a specifically difficult matching problem. Here the amount of stable image features is typically rather small, and the distinctiveness of feature descriptions often low. We use the proposed framework to implement a wide baseline stereo matching algorithm that can deal better with poor texture than established methods. For demonstrating the practical relevance, we also apply this algorithm to a system for automatic image orientation. Here, the task is to reconstruct the relative 3D positions and orientations of the cameras corresponding to a set of overlapping images. We show that our implementation leads to more successful results in case of sparsely textured scenes, while still retaining state of the art performance on standard datasets.},
url = {http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11811/4746}
}

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