Swaminathan, Divya Rajeswari: Agricultural transformation and indigenous communities : A case study of the Soliga Communities in the montane forests, Southern India. - Bonn, 2016. - Dissertation, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn.
Online-Ausgabe in bonndoc: https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:hbz:5n-44781
@phdthesis{handle:20.500.11811/6886,
urn: https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:hbz:5n-44781,
author = {{Divya Rajeswari Swaminathan}},
title = {Agricultural transformation and indigenous communities : A case study of the Soliga Communities in the montane forests, Southern India},
school = {Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn},
year = 2016,
month = sep,

note = {Rural indigenous communities (Adivasi) represent some of the most marginalized and poorest people in India. Their socio-economic and cultural livelihoods are subject to rapid change. Introduction of commercial agriculture and new cash crops as well as the establishment of Protected Areas (PAs) in the forests that are traditionally used by indigenous communities are important drivers for change. The development-oriented work of NGOs, the introduction of formal education and the establishment of new infrastructure (e.g. roads) are other factors in this regard.
Agricultural transformation impacts massively on the socio-economic as well as cultural conditions of the indigenous communities, especially on those living in remote montane forest areas. In most cases, the transition goes from low input low output subsistence farming and agro-forestry practices to commercial farming. The transformation goes together with a shift from, and loss of, traditional knowledge systems towards induced agricultural practices based on modern science-based knowledge.
The main objective of this study was to understand how agricultural transformation and designation of Protected Areas impact on the land uses and livelihoods of the Soliga communities living in and around the Male Mahadeshwara Wildlife Sanctuary, in the Karnataka State, and the Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary, in Tamil Nadu State.
This research applied a multi-faceted methodological approach. A pre-study has been conducted in February/March 2013 to select the case studies and to collect first hand local information that allowed the scholar to narrow down the research approach. The Soliga communities, their village heads, State Forest Department officials and NGO representatives in the areas have been interviewed. A three-tier methodology has been carried out during the main field research period in India (June 2013 until February 2014). Firstly, a literature review has been used for developing a suitable, place-case specific, and gender-sensitive analytical framework for assessing local knowledge of agricultural management. Secondly, GIS mapping has been resorted to map land use and land cover of the study areas for the past 10 years and finally qualitative participatory appraisals have been used to derive narratives of the past and existing situations using semi-structured interviews, oral histories and participant observations.
The outcome of the research helps to understand the underlying agricultural transformation processes and the drivers of land use changes of the indigenous communities in this part of India and to recommend for sustainable land use policies and its implementation that better reflects the needs and concerns of the indigenous communities. The comparative study was done to bring out the positive and negative practical outcomes of the various policies adopted by the two different states with regard to tribal rights of use of forest land for crop cultivation. The pros and cons of both the state policies have been recorded according to the local people’s perceptions and used to evaluate the functioning of the Wildlife Sanctuaries with regard to environmental protection and conservation.},

url = {http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11811/6886}
}

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