Rosa da Conceição, Hugo: Determinants of incentive-based forest governance in the Amazon : Evidence from Ecuador, Peru, and Brazil. - Bonn, 2018. - Dissertation, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn.
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author = {{Hugo Rosa da Conceição}},
title = {Determinants of incentive-based forest governance in the Amazon : Evidence from Ecuador, Peru, and Brazil},
school = {Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn},
year = 2018,
month = feb,

note = {Command-and-control policies are often criticized as insufficient to tackle tropical deforestation. Over the past two decades, both academics and policy-makers have promoted incentive-based policies, such as payments for environmental services, as attractive alternatives to curb forest loss, while also potentially contributing to poverty reduction of forest-dwelling populations. Many science-based recommendations on how to design effective incentive-based policies have, however, not found much resonance within policy circles. To understand the gap between recommendations and practice, it is important to understand why political decision-makers adopt incentive-based forest conservation schemes and what determines how these schemes are designed towards achieving environmental and non-environmental outcomes. To this end, we analyzed the governance dynamics of three government-led incentive schemes in the Amazon regions of Brazil, Ecuador, and Peru. We adopt a theoretical framework based on public policy theories, specifically on agenda-setting and policy instruments design. We find that environmental concerns are not always the prime motives for PES programs, as political and institutional contexts limit environmental policy-makers' actions. Yet, policy choice processes become less constrained when environmental issues are closer to a government's priorities. Electoral interests and bureaucratic politics exert pressure on policy design teams, who then trade off long-term societal efficiency concerns against short-term administrative goals. Lessons from other jurisdictions will often be drawn, as they may help in reaching acceptable policy proposals in a shorter time-frame. Priority is sometimes given to non-environmental concerns due to perceptions of political feasibility, to the influence of non-environmental agencies within governments, to beliefs in what role governments should take and how populations respond to proposed policies. These findings are especially relevant for scholars studying the processes and impacts of incentive-based conservation policies and for practitioners aiming to enhance policy efficiency.},
url = {}

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