Hoffmann, Lisa: On the Psychology of Birth. - Bonn, 2020. - Dissertation, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn.
Online-Ausgabe in bonndoc: https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:hbz:5-60394
urn: https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:hbz:5-60394,
author = {{Lisa Hoffmann}},
title = {On the Psychology of Birth},
school = {Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn},
year = 2020,
month = nov,

note = {In this dissertation thesis, I propose the theoretical construct of a birth-related mindset and direct and indirect measures for its assessment. I assume that childbirth can be mentally presented as a rather natural (natural mindset) or a rather medicalized (medicalized mindset) event and that, in addition to medical factors, the birth-related mindset causally influences labor and birth. In three initial studies (Study 1: N = 117, Study 2: N = 206, Study 3: N = 192), I aimed to explore whether the proposed birth-related mindset is related to the retrospectively reported process of labor and birth (operationalized e.g., by performed interventions, duration of birth, place of birth). In a final longitudinal study (divided into sub-component Studies 4, 5, and 6) I examined the causal effect of the mindset and expanded the research question to address the relevance of birth experience for short- and long-term psychological well-being. Results of Study 4 (N = 311) could be integrated into a Single indicator model, displaying a sequential process: women with a prenatally more natural mindset were more likely to have low-intervention births, which resulted in a more positive evaluation of the birth experience, which in turn predicted well-being in the first weeks after birth (measured with Ecological Momentary Assessment), and subsequently postpartum depression and post-traumatic stress symptoms (eight weeks and six month after birth) as well as mother-infant-attachment six months after birth. In a fifth study (N = 304) the results could be replicated for a male sample. In a sixth study (N = 304 dyads) results further indicated that relationship quality can have a positive impact on the woman’s birth experience and on transition to parenthood for both sexes. The indirect measure I used to assess implicit aspects of both the birth-related mindset and attitude towards the partner did not yield meaningful results. Overall, the studies demonstrate the relevance of psychological factors for childbirth. The construct of a birth-related mindset could contribute to a better understanding of childbirth and help to make women’s birth experiences safer and more satisfying and improve the transition to parenthood for the whole family.},
url = {https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11811/8783}

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