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On the Psychology of Birth

dc.contributor.advisorBanse, Rainer
dc.contributor.authorHoffmann, Lisa
dc.date.accessioned2020-11-17T10:26:01Z
dc.date.available2020-11-17T10:26:01Z
dc.date.issued17.11.2020
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11811/8783
dc.description.abstractIn this dissertation thesis, I propose the theoretical construct of a birth-related mindset and direct and indirect measures for its assessment. I assume that childbirth can be mentally presented as a rather natural (natural mindset) or a rather medicalized (medicalized mindset) event and that, in addition to medical factors, the birth-related mindset causally influences labor and birth. In three initial studies (Study 1: N = 117, Study 2: N = 206, Study 3: N = 192), I aimed to explore whether the proposed birth-related mindset is related to the retrospectively reported process of labor and birth (operationalized e.g., by performed interventions, duration of birth, place of birth). In a final longitudinal study (divided into sub-component Studies 4, 5, and 6) I examined the causal effect of the mindset and expanded the research question to address the relevance of birth experience for short- and long-term psychological well-being. Results of Study 4 (N = 311) could be integrated into a Single indicator model, displaying a sequential process: women with a prenatally more natural mindset were more likely to have low-intervention births, which resulted in a more positive evaluation of the birth experience, which in turn predicted well-being in the first weeks after birth (measured with Ecological Momentary Assessment), and subsequently postpartum depression and post-traumatic stress symptoms (eight weeks and six month after birth) as well as mother-infant-attachment six months after birth. In a fifth study (N = 304) the results could be replicated for a male sample. In a sixth study (N = 304 dyads) results further indicated that relationship quality can have a positive impact on the woman’s birth experience and on transition to parenthood for both sexes. The indirect measure I used to assess implicit aspects of both the birth-related mindset and attitude towards the partner did not yield meaningful results. Overall, the studies demonstrate the relevance of psychological factors for childbirth. The construct of a birth-related mindset could contribute to a better understanding of childbirth and help to make women’s birth experiences safer and more satisfying and improve the transition to parenthood for the whole family.en
dc.language.isoeng
dc.rightsIn Copyright
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectGeburt
dc.subjectGeburtserleben
dc.subjectMindset
dc.subjectPsychologie der Geburt
dc.subjectGeburtsoutcomes
dc.subjectBirth
dc.subjectBirth experience
dc.subjectPsychology of Birth
dc.subjectBirth outcomes
dc.subject.ddc150 Psychologie
dc.titleOn the Psychology of Birth
dc.typeDissertation oder Habilitation
dc.publisher.nameUniversitäts- und Landesbibliothek Bonn
dc.publisher.locationBonn
dc.rights.accessRightsopenAccess
dc.identifier.urnhttps://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:hbz:5-60394
ulbbn.pubtypeErstveröffentlichung
ulbbnediss.affiliation.nameRheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn
ulbbnediss.affiliation.locationBonn
ulbbnediss.thesis.levelDissertation
ulbbnediss.dissID6039
ulbbnediss.date.accepted2020-09-25
ulbbnediss.institutePhilosophische Fakultät : Institut für Psychologie
ulbbnediss.fakultaetPhilosophische Fakultät
dc.contributor.coRefereeNeyer, Franz J.


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