Waheed, Arslan: Development Discourses and Urban Poor : A Comparative Study of Slums of Islamabad and Brasilia. - Bonn, 2021. - Dissertation, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn.
Online-Ausgabe in bonndoc: https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:hbz:5-63584
urn: https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:hbz:5-63584,
author = {{Arslan Waheed}},
title = {Development Discourses and Urban Poor : A Comparative Study of Slums of Islamabad and Brasilia},
school = {Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn},
year = 2021,
month = sep,

note = {The post-World War II period has been marked with global, political and economic restructuring in which forces of capitalism and modernist planning flourished. International development institutions like the United Nations, International Monetary Fund (IMF), Alliance for Progress (AFP), Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), and Ford Foundation worked synergistically and post-colonial societies like Pakistan and Brazil became celebrated partners of this development regime. The influence of global capitalism is shown in the inevitable urban restructuring and management of Pakistani and Brazilian societies. Islamabad and Brasilia were planned and projected as model cities for the Global South to offer solutions to the urban problems in a hitherto underdeveloped world. The planning and construction of both cities were celebrated both nationally and internationally as the embodiment of development, progress, and growth that is approved by the Global North through its army of international consultants, advisory groups, funding organisations, and scientific experts. This research is an attempt to understand how the urban poor are being treated and represented in such cities where free-market forces and capitalist ideologies are naturalised by celebrating developmentalism and modernist planning. Focusing on Islamabad and Brasilia as the case study, this research is an attempt to understand how the urban poor are being represented in the development discourse of the Capital Development Authority (CDA) and Federal District Authority (FDA). Using labelling theory as the theoretical framework for the study, this research finds that the urban poor of Islamabad and Brasilia are represented through various labels like poor, encroachers, invaders, environmental threat, favelados, slum dwellers, and mafia. Based on archives, in-depth interviews, and ethnography, this research argues that this form of representation of the urban poor establishes them as a socially deviant group that is subjected to control, surveillance and segregation from the rest of society. Using Critical Discourse Analysis as a methodological toolbox, this research shows that the dominance of discourse reflects power hierarchies in society. The purpose of this research is to dislocate and unsettle the legitimised hegemonic discourses to provide a tool against structural exploitation and domination. In this way, this research attempts to engender various sets of possibilities to read texts in their socio-political contexts. It is in this way that the public policy discourse can be judged, criticised, and democratised to make societies more inclusive.},
url = {https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11811/9288}

The following license files are associated with this item:

Namensnennung 4.0 International