Curic, Goran: Intervertebral Disc and Adipokine Leptin—Loves Me, Loves Me Not. In: International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2021, 22(1), 375, 1-23.
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author = {{Goran Curic}},
title = {Intervertebral Disc and Adipokine Leptin—Loves Me, Loves Me Not},
publisher = {MDPI},
year = 2020,
month = dec,

journal = {International Journal of Molecular Sciences},
volume = 2021,
number = 22(1), 375,
pages = 1--23,
note = {Leptin—the most famous adipose tissue-secreted hormone—in the human body is mostly observed in a negative connotation, as the hormone level increases with the accumulation of body fat. Nowadays, fatness is becoming another normal body shape. Fatness is burdened with numerous illnesses-including low back pain and degenerative disease of lumbar intervertebral disc (IVD). IVD degeneration and IVD inflammation are two indiscerptible phenomena. Irrespective of the underlying pathophysiological background (trauma, obesity, nutrient deficiency), the inflammation is crucial in triggering IVD degeneration. Leptin is usually depicted as a proinflammatory adipokine. Many studies aimed at explaining the role of leptin in IVD degeneration, though mostly in in vitro and on animal models, confirmed leptin's "bad reputation". However, several studies found that leptin might have protective role in IVD metabolism. This review examines the current literature on the metabolic role of different depots of adipose tissue, with focus on leptin, in pathogenesis of IVD degeneration.},
url = {}

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